The Second Texas at the Battle of Farmington
following Federal units have been identified as having fought at the
Battle of Farmington, Mississippi on May 9, 1862, in which the 2nd
Texas Infantry was able to procure many knapsacks, blankets, rifles,
food stuffs, clothing, etc.
Brig. Gen. Patton Anderson, C. S. Army, of skirmish at Farmington,
Miss., May 9.
Captain: I have the honor to submit this my report of the part taken by the brigade under my command in the affair with the enemy at Farmington on the 9th instant:
circular order from division headquarters the brigade was put in
readiness on the night of the 8th to move to the front at an early hour
on the morning of the 9th. I was directed by the brigadier-general
commanding the division to march my command to a field some half a mile
beyond the breastworks, to form the brigade in close column by
divisions, and to await further orders. At the same time I was informed
that it was the purpose of the commanding general that we should move
out on the lower Farmington road until the enemy should be found, and
then to encounter him; also that Brigadier-General Walker commanding
Third Brigade, Ruggles’ division, with, among other troops, one
regiment of infantry (Thirty-seventh Mississippi Regiment, Colonel
Benton commanding) and one section of artillery, Lieutenant Vaught
commanding, belonging to my brigade, would deploy his column as soon as
Bridge Creek was crossed, and that my command, consisting of the
Twenty-fifth Louisiana, Colonel Fisk; the Thirty-sixth Mississippi,
Colonel Brown; the Florida Battalion, Lieutenant-Colonel Clack and four
pieces of the Washington Artillery, Captain Hodgson, would follow
closely his movements, and be ready to support him at any point of the
field where occasion might require. My disposition was in columns by
platoons, right in front. In this manner we moved to within half a mile
of Farmington, advancing slowly and cautiously, being regulated in this
by Brigadier-General Walker’s line in front. After a halt of about
half an hour, by General Ruggles’ order we moved up into the village
and halted for some time about 100 yards in rear and on the left of
General Walker. By order from the same authority I then formed the
brigade on General Walker’s left, which was now advancing. The four
pieces of artillery under Captain Hodgson were ordered to follow at
convenient distance in the rear of my center. General Walker’s brigade
being in motion at the time, I was ordered to form upon its left and
some hundred yards in advance, which compelled me to execute the
movement at a double-quick, which, however, was completed just in time
to engage the enemy’s skirmishers as they were retiring down the slope
of an open plain and entering a thick wood beyond. I deemed it necessary
to press on without hesitation and push the enemy from his cover as well
as to gain a less exposed position for our own troops. The nature of the
ground on my right had proved impracticable, and a short delay was
occasioned by the effort of the Twenty-fifth Louisiana and the
Thirty-sixth Mississippi Regiments to pass the obstacles. The latter
regiment had only arrived a few days previous, and had enjoyed none of
the privileges of drill and instruction. To prevent further delay and
confusion, I ordered forward the balance of the brigade, and instructed
Colonel Brown to form his regiment in rear of my center and to follow on
closely until an opportunity was presented of regaining his position in
line. On ascending to the top of the hill in an open field we received a
heavy fire from the enemy’s skirmishers in the thick wood not 100
yards in front, and just at this moment the Orleans Guards [Ducatel’s]
Battery was coming into position immediately in my center for the
purpose of shelling the wood. As the officer in charge informed me that
this was by General Ruggles’ order, whom I saw present about this
time, I directed the brigade to take cover behind the remains of an old
fence near the brow of the hill and a few paces in rear of the battery,
the right wing of the Twenty-fifth Louisiana extending to the right of
the battery. In this position we could occasionally pick off a
sharpshooter as he would uncover himself in the woods, but it was too
exposed to justify its occupation for any length of time. Many of the
men were being wounded and several killed. I requested the battery to
cease firing, that I might charge the wood.
mean time the Thirty-sixth Mississippi, Colonel Brown, had regained its
position in line, but many of its members were now straggling to the
rear from under the sharp fire of the enemy’s skirmishers. I
endeavored, with some success, to rally them, and immediately ordered a
charge. It was gallantly responded to by the Twenty-fifth Louisiana and
the Florida Battalion, as also by a larger portion of the Thirty-sixth
Mississippi. The wood was gained without any difficulty and the enemy
was pushed rapidly through an open field beyond.
this charge he had several killed, and we took 8 prisoners (3 wounded)
and a quantity of knapsacks, blankets, &c.; also a few stands of
arms. His surprise and hasty flight was evidenced by the manner in which
these things were scattered through the woods and half cooked breakfasts
that lay around. Hogs and mutton, just butchered and not yet dressed,
could be seen in many places.
reached the open field beyond the woods during the pursuit was checked
by the opening of Robertson’s battery on our left, which swept; the
field the full length of our front, dealing death and dismay in the
ranks of the enemy’s cavalry, a squadron of which had the temerity to
attempt a charge upon our line. At one time they were in easy range of
our infantry, which might have added to the number of empty saddles but
for an impression that got abroad along the line that it was our own
cavalry, which impression was confirmed by an order coming from the
right not to fire upon them. Being engaged personally at the time in
bringing into line the Thirty-sixth Mississippi, I did not hear the
order, and only learned of it when I had inquired why my command had
cease (l or failed to fire. By this time the column had fled beyond
range. I pressed forward through the open field in front and charged
into the wood beyond. I had not advanced far, however, when a citizen
approached me and said it was impossible for the brigade to get through
a morass immediately in front; that he had informed General Ruggles of
the fact, and that he (General Ruggles) had sent him to me with the
information. As I had seen General Ruggles on the field the moment
before entering the wood, I concluded to speak with him on the subject,
not, however, until a couple of staff officers had gone forward to
reconnoiter the morass. I found General Ruggles near by in the open
field, and he confirmed what the citizen had told me, and directed me to
hold the brigade in the wood where it was until the result of a
reconnaissance then being made could be ascertained, when he would give
me further orders. After remaining in that position some half hour he
ordered me to withdraw into the open field near where he then was, which
being accomplished, he directed me to march back to a point a short
distance in the rear of Farmington, halt, and communicate with him
through a staff officer.
mean time I directed Lieutenant-Colonel Clack to detail an officer and
two men to repair to a gin-house near by, in which was stored unginned
cotton, as also several bales already packed; to take an estimate of the
quantity, quality, and value of the same, together with machinery,
&c., and to burn and destroy the same, reporting in full to me as
soon as we returned to Corinth. Colonel Clack was also directed to
detail an officer with sufficient force to take charge of and bring off
the knapsacks, blankets, clothing, &c., which had been left by the
enemy in his flight. As my command filed by on their return to
Farmington I observed Lieutenant Browne, with a detail of 20 men,
collecting these articles, many of which had already been scattered and
carried off by troops in passing. Having no wagons at hand, I directed
Lieutenant Browne to take the most valuable articles, such as blankets,
overcoats, knapsacks, &c., and bring them off the field, but to
prevent stragglers from lingering around the place in search of plunder;
to gather all the valueless stuff, such as old underclothes, &c.,
and burn them. Both Captain Macmurdo’s and Lieutenant Browne’s
reports are herewith transmitted.
reaching the point in the rear of Farmington indicated by the division
commander I communicated with General Ruggles through Lieutenant James,
of my staff, who soon returned with orders for me to resume my position
within the trenches at Corinth, where my command arrived about sundown.
this report will be found a list of casualties in my command, showing a
loss of 3 killed, 49 wounded, and 1 missing. As this list does not,
however, embrace the information desired in every particular by a recent
circular from general headquarters, I have this day required a report
from regimental and battalion commanders in conformity therewith, which
will be transmitted at The earliest practicable moment.
proper for me to state that the troops of my command, with
inconsiderable exceptions, bore themselves on this occasion in a manner
highly creditable to themselves and their regimental commanders. None of
them except the Florida Battalion and the Washington Artillery ever
having been under fire before, it could hardly be expected that a few
would not shrink from the first volley of a concealed foe. The
Twenty-fifth Louisiana Regiment, though recently raised and arrived
since the battle of Shiloh, behaved like veterans, maintaining their
line unbroken, and always moving forward with spirit and alacrity
whenever ordered to do so. Great credit for this state of things in a
new regiment is due to the discipline as well as the gallantry displayed
by the officers of the regiment, both field and company.
Florida Battalion, Lieutenant-Colonel Clack commanding, gained fresh
laurels in the field by their discipline, valor and promptness; both
officers and men fully sustained the high reputation they had won on the
bloody hills of Shiloh, never faltering, ever in the van.
large portion of the Thirty-sixth Mississippi regiment, although never
having formed a line of battle or heard a hostile gun before, behaved
with that gallantry and spirit which characterized the troops of that
chivalrous State on every field. It is not doubted but the reputation of
the State will be fully sustained on any future occasion requiring a
display of intrepidity and valor.
Thirty-seventh Mississippi, Colonel Benton, on this occasion was
detached from my brigade, and appeared upon the field under the
immediate command of Brig. Gen. L. M. Walker, who will report upon their
conduct on the occasion. On one portion of the field, however, they came
under my immediate observation, and made a most gallant charge on my
right, and in conjunction with the Twenty-fifth Louisiana Regiment.
can be said on this occasion in praise of the conduct of the Washington
Artillery, which would add to its well-earned reputation on a former and
bloodier field. Suffice it to say they were ever present in the right
place at the right time, displaying that skill in the management of
their pieces and the practice of their gunners, which always wins fights
as well as laurels.
personal staff—Capt. W. G. Barth, assistant adjutant-general; First
Lieut. W. M. Davidson, aide-de-camp; Second Lieut. John W. James, acting
brigade ordnance officer; Capt. Thaddeus Foster, brigade quartermaster,
and Edward McDonald, acting brigade surgeon— I am indebted for their
prompt and efficient assistance in their respective departments. All my
orders were promptly delivered and every assistance was rendered by each
of them, which the occasion demanded.
instances of individual gallantry displayed upon the field by subalterns
and men who deserve notice, I respectfully refer to the accompanying
reports of regimental commanders, as well as for other details not
specified in this report.
captain, very respectfully, your most obedient servant,
Roy Mason Hooe
and Confederate [Guards] Battalion,
Camp near Corinth, Miss., May 11,. 1862.
In obedience to instructions received on 9th instant from
Brigadier-General Anderson, shortly after the retreat of the enemy from
their position at and around Farmington, Miss., I selected two men from
my company, and placing them under my immediate command in charge of the
gin-house, located in the large field just back of the village, awaited
the withdrawal of our infantry. As soon as they had all retired on their
return to Corinth I set fire to the cotton stored in the gin-house and
to three bales lying outside.
estimated value of gin-house, machinery belonging thereto, cotton gin,
and corn-mill, quantity of baled and loose cotton, and name of owner
thereof will be found in the statement I have the honor to present
respectfully, your obedient servant,
Col. Franklin H. Clack.
of estimated value of gin-house and machinery attached, gin and mill,
amount of clean and unginned cotton, destroyed by fire [on the]
afternoon of the 9th instant, near Farmington, Miss., by orders of
Brigadier-General Anderson, commanding First Brigade:
and machinery, valued at.............$400
Dick Smith was reported as being the owner of the above-named property.
He is at present residing at or near Morris Mills, across the railroad,
distant about 8 miles from Farmington and 4 miles from Corinth.
and Confederate Guards Battalion,
near Corinth, Miss., May 10, 1862.
beg leave to report that, in obedience to a special order received on
the field on Friday last, I proceeded with Company B, of the battalion,
to collect together and guard the overcoats, knapsacks, oil-cloths,
blankets, &c., left by the enemy in their retreat from beyond
Farmington. I divided my company into four squads, each in charge of a
sergeant, and instructed them to search the woods in the line of retreat
and to collect these articles as quickly as possible. I also detailed a
guard to protect the large bulk of them near the old gin-house. But few
of these articles had been collected by the details, when I received
further orders direct from General P. Anderson to save the most
valuable, such as blankets, &c., and to leave the remainder. I
proceeded forthwith to execute the order, gathering about 150 blankets
in one pile and a like number each of oil-cloths, knapsacks, overcoats,
&c. these later were set on fire and were burning rapidly when, an
aide of General Bragg came up with a detail of wagons and ordered me to
extinguish the fire, which was done at once. He then informed me that he
had a sufficient detail of men to take charge of the articles, and
relieved me from the further execution of your order.
respectfully, your obedient servant,
Lieut. Col. Franklin H. Clack.
of Casualties in Ruggles' division in the engagement at Farmington,
Miss., May 9.
Louisiana.....2 Enlisted men killed...3 Officers and 26 Enlisted men
NEWPAPER STORY ABOUT 2ND IOWA AT FARMINGTON MAY 9, 1862 FROM
the 2d Iowa Cavalry
Sanders.—Of yesterday’s skirmish, and loss, I wrote you last night ,
and to night as a faithful chronicler, am compelled to add further to
the record, which though of noble deeds, will carry anguish to loving
hearts. About noon, orders came to be ready to move at the firing of a
single gun. The signal soon came, and in ten minutes the regiment was in
column, and on its way to the front. I may mention that most of our
force, which had advanced yesterday, had retired back to camp, vacating
the ground they had occupied. Yesterday our regiment was a mile and a
half beyond Farmington; to day two miles this side of the town. They met
Gen. Paine’s Division and three batteries, retreating. Passing this
column on coming to an opening a mile wide, on the opposite side of
which the rebels had three batteries, they formed into line, Lieut. Col.
Hatch commanding with Majors Hepburn, Coon and Lave, commanding
respectively the 1st 2d and 3d batteries. The rebels had the range, and
their batteries were well manned and playing rapidly on our lines. Gen.
Paine rode up and ordered the regiment to “charge” those batteries.
The batteries were three-fourths of a mile distant, and formed a line
half a mile in length—sweeping with their murderous fire the whole
charge sounded and officers and soldiers swept forward through the
leaden tempest! Shot and shell hurtled through the air, or plowed up the
ground beneath. The woods flanking the open space were occupied by rebel
sharp shooters, and they too poured forth their murderous fire on the
rushing line. Though such a fire of iron hail is seldom faced in a
charge and horse and man went down by sections, yet onward at full speed
charged the 2d Cavalry through canister and grape, to within one hundred
yards of the guns, when they were found to be supported by dense lines
of infantry. When knowing we were unsupported, the rally was sounded,
and we retired, but had the satisfaction of seeing the batteries limber
up and cease firing.
regiment was absent from camp less than three hours. The charge was of
short duration, but from the annexed list, which is reliable, Iowa may
see whether her glory has been dimmed by the 2d Cavalry—whether
another laurel has not been added to her brow—another bright page
added to their immortal list—a record made that when Iowa is tried,
she is never found wanting.
Battalion—Commissary Sergt W. W. Miller, by spent ball in leg,
K—Killed, none. Wounded, Corpl Elias W. Shephard, in head; Derwin
Doner, flesh wound in leg; R. M. Downer, in leg by piece of shell; Fred
Lehart, in head; G. R. Bradley, in leg by piece of shell, Abraham
Leffler, in head and chest.
L—Killed, none. Wounded, Corpl M. V. Hubbard, in head; G. W. Kelso, in
the thigh, Missing James Raymond.
E—Wounded, Lewis Kephart, in hand; Bugler, Wm. Dunderdale, in head;
Corpl W. Aldrich in head slightly; Sergt J. W. Jennings, in hand.
M—Wounded. Nathan Smith, in the foot, amputated below the knee;
Sylvester L. Hazen, in shoulder, slightly; J. S. Breedan, in leg; John
Parker, wounded and missing.
Battalion.—Co. I and D, all safe.
F—Wounded, Labon J. Parks, in breast severely; Wm. Bailey, in thigh
and rectum, severely; Sergt James Fought, in thigh, slightly; Sergt.
Daniel Okeson, missing.
B—Killed, John Burgh, (missing yesterday and supposed killed.)
Wounded, J. S. Brush, in right shoulder, severely; W. M. Freeman, in
breast by shell; Corp Wilker, missing; Cloud H. Brock, in arm, severely;
Daniel Craft, in side, slightly.
Battalion—Co. A.—Killed, Sergt Frederick L. Ayer. Wounded, J.B.
Gaddis, in arm and side, slightly; B. F. Wagoner, in shoulder slightly;
Otis Legg, in side, slightly.
H—Killed, Lt. Benjamin F. Owen. Wounded, Corp Haskins, in leg,
slightly; A. V. Reeves, in thigh, slightly; A. N. Detwiler, in breast,
G—Wounded, Capt Wm. Lundy, in the head, slightly; Sergt L. H. Waterman
in hip dangerously; Corp J. T. Haight, arm and side; Anderson Heinly,
severely through from side to side.
C.—Wounded, Capt Henry Egbert, in thigh, by piece of shell; James
Armstrong, through both hips and bladder (poor fellow, as I now write,
just midnight, I hear his constant groans; brave man, I fear he must
die;) Wm. Gordon, right heel—amputation below knee; James Taylor,
through the shoulder severely.
killed, 30 wounded, 1 wounded and missing, and 3 missing.
Lundy, Lieuts Schnitger, C. C. Horton, Co. A, and Chas. Moore, Co. K,
had their horses shot from under them. Ninety-seven horses were killed
and disabled, and nearly as many more wounded. A shell divided Lt. Col.
Hatch’s heavy brass stirrup; another passed so close to Capt.
Kendrick’s head, as to deafen one side, and numerous sabers, scabbards
and revolvers show the scars of cannon shot, shell and bullets. The
surgeons had all the wounds dressed before night and the sufferers with
the exception of one or two, are quiet and doing well.
Churches or Schools
excellent correspondent “Diff” has on several occasions referred to
the absence of schoolhouses in the slave States, which he has visited,
and the consequent illiterate condition of the people. A correspondent
thus alludes to the same subject:
coming to Rolla, I was struck with the fact that there was neither
church nor school-house in that town. From there to Springfield, a
distance of one hundred and twenty miles, in which there are farming
neighborhoods settled over twenty years, I saw but one church—a half
finished building, commenced by the southern Methodists, and afterwards
abandoned—and not a single school-house.—At Springfield there were
indications of moral religious and intellectual culture, (churches and
academies, temporarily abandoned during the possession of the town by
the rebels, some of them destroyed,) but from Springfield to Cassville,
there was not a church or school-house to be seen. In Cassville, I
think, there must have been some obscure place used for religious
purposes, but it was not visible, nor distinguishable from the other
houses. From Cassville to this town, no church or schoolhouse has met my
eye. In Galena, the county seat of Stone County, there is no such
structure. In Forsythe there is the same destitution of any outward
signs of religion or education. Is it any wonder that in such a region
the rebellion should find adherents among an ignorant and prejudiced
New Rebel Flag—Imagine a red handkerchief with a broad white bar
stretching diagonally across it from one corner to the other, and a
similar bar crossing the first from the opposite corners, with a blue
shield at the point of intersection, on which a yellow spot represents
the sun, and you have the flag.
NEAR FARMINGTON, May 9, 1862. Major-General HALLECK
[SIR :] The enemy, 20,000 strong, drove in our pickets beyond Farmington and advanced against the brigade, occupying the farther side of the creek, in front of my camp. The brigade held on for five hours, until, finding them heavily pressed in front and on the flanks, and that I could not sustain them without passing the creek with my whole force, which was contrary to your orders and would have drawn on a general engagement, I withdrew them to this side in good order....Our loss was considerable, though I cannot yet tell how great. The enemy, being much exposed, suffered very severely, one of his batteries being completely disabled and his infantry line driven back several times. My command is eager for the advance.
JNO. POPE, Major General.
59. -- Report of Capt. E. Camille Mire, Eighteenth Louisiana Infantry,
of engagement at Farmington, Miss., May 9.
EIGHTEENTH REGIMENT LOUISIANA VOLS.,
Corinth, Miss., May 10, 1862.
I have the honor to report, in pursuance of orders, Lieut. Col. A.
Roman's regiment, Eighteenth Louisiana Volunteers, of which I am in
temporary command, took up its line of march to the front at 8 a.m. 9th
instant with the Second Brigade, Major Gober commanding. My command did
not meet with the enemy until about 1 p.m. This was in a wood beyond
Farmington, near the bottom of Seven Mile Creek and near----- house,
afterward used as a hospital. While ---- halted in line of battle, with
my left resting about 50 yards from this wood, I was ordered to march by
the left flank into this wood, after <ar10_822> throwing out
skirmishers in a direction to the right. The ravine which I was ordered
to follow led to the left, and after following it about 50 yards the
head of the column found itself in ambuscade, and after the exchange of
a few shots was compelled to retire. After forming line, by orders
marched by the flank into the wood, and filing to the left debouched
into an open field, where I was ordered to support a battery. In a half
hour marched again and reached the Seven Mile Creek Bottom, when I
received orders to retire to Farmington and return to camp, which last I
reached about 7 p.m.
loss in this engagement was 1 killed and 14 wounded. Most of the wounds
your obedient servant,
ROY MASON HOOE,
29-JUNE 10, 1862--Advance upon and siege of Corinth …
57. -- Report of Maj. D. Gober, Sixteenth Louisiana Infantry,
2D BRIG., RUGGLES' DIV., ARMY OF THE MISS.,
Miss., May 10, 1862.
I have the honor to report to you the part taken by this brigade in the
engagement of the 9th instant, at Farmington:
after reaching the deserted village of Farmington I was ordered by one
of General Ruggles' staff officers--Capt. R. M. Hooe---to develop the
line of battle rapidly along the road through the village to the left of
the First Brigade. Almost immediately after getting into line I was
ordered forward to engage the enemy, a few of whose scouts were to be
seen on the hill some half a mile beyond, near the Seven Mile Creek.
After passing nearly through the fields toward the thick woods beyond I
halted the brigade and ordered a section of Ducatel's battery forward to
an eminence commanding the enemy's position, and directed its fire
(canister) on their cavalry scouts, some 30 or 40 of whom were then
within full view and range, and scattered them. I then ordered forward
sharpshooters to take possession of the woods, but found that the
enemy's skirmishers had already occupied the position and were pouring a
destructive fire into our ranks, causing the line to give way, but I
soon rallied it and moved forward, driving the enemy before us through
the woods into an old field beyond, where they rallied for a short time.
A section of Robertson's battery here took a position to our left and
opened fire upon the enemy, and it being without support, I took to its
relief the Eighteenth Louisiana Regiment, then with the Eleventh and
Sixteenth Louisiana, the First Brigade being on our left, drove the
enemy from his position in confusion into the woods and pursued him
<ar10_821> for about a mile, but without overtaking. I was then
ordered to fall back on Farmington.
is proper to remark that the Nineteenth Louisiana was not engaged, by
reason of being in the trenches.
your obedient servant,
ROY MASON HOOE,